Consumer IQ

5 Mistakes to Avoid During Health Insurance Open Enrollment

health savings

The last few months of the year usually mean it’s time to think about choosing new health benefits. Some people see Open Enrollment as an opportunity—this is your chance to switch plans! But for most, it’s a looming headache: time to stress about choosing the right benefits. Again.

It could be that there are just so many more options today than ever before. Several years ago, most employers simply gave you a choice between a low-cost HMO and a more expensive PPO.

Now, the options have multiplied into an extended family of acronyms. To make things worse, employers and health insurance companies are pushing more costs onto consumers, which means it’s even more important to make sure you are getting your money’s worth.

As you approach your Open Enrollment period, here are 5 common mistakes, and how to avoid them.

Doing nothing

Almost 9 out of 10 of us just keep the same benefits we had last year. That’s not necessarily a problem; especially if you’ve done your research and your needs haven’t changed.

Just make sure nothing substantial has changed about the plan either. Sometimes premiums increase or benefits get cut, and over time, the plan that was once a good deal may not be the best choice for you anymore.

Shopping only by the premium

It’s easy to focus on how much health insurance will cost you each month because it’s a clear, predictable expense. But don’t overlook what you’re paying for or you may find yourself facing big costs later on, like high deductibles or co-insurance.

Over-insuring

It’s possible to purchase more insurance than you need. While good-for-you from a health perspective, this might not be that great from a financial stance.

This doesn’t necessarily you should choose the cheapest plan if you are a healthy individual—because we are all at risk for unexpected medical events.

It might mean choosing a plan that has a more limited network, like an HMO, if you are not seeing any specialists. Or choosing a high deductible plan if most of your visits are routine preventive care.

Under-insuring

Of course, you don’t want to go too far in the other direction by choosing too minimal of a plan either. If you choose a high deductible plan, you should be able to pay the deductible at any time if needed.

In an ideal world, you’d have lots of time to save up cash to cover your deductible in an HSA linked to the plan. But if you enroll in a high deductible plan, and suddenly have some medical bills before you’ve accumulated enough in your HSA, you could be in trouble.

Ignoring the health savings accounts

FSAs (Flexible Spending Accounts) and HRAs (Health Reimbursement Accounts) are pretty much the equivalent of free money. But there are estimates that as few as 20% of people set up an FSA when it’s offered.

If you’re turned off by the idea of keeping receipts and faxing photocopies, give these savings accounts another chance. These days, most issue debit-like cards and many merchants are set up to automatically recognize FSA or HRA eligible expenses—so you can spend easily.

You should still keep receipts as proof, as you might still need them for certain expenses. But the tax savings are well worth the work.

Happy enrolling!

Tomer Shoval is the CEO and Co-Founder of Simplee, a free online personal health care expense management tool. Connect with him on twitterfacebook or email.